Research

Independent research supports the need for—and the benefits of—school choice. Read what the research says about school choice.

Research Shows Positive Impact of Private School Choice

The case for school choice is overwhelming. The vast majority of credible evidence shows that school choice programs improve academic outcomes for not only the program participants but also the students in public schools; save taxpayers money; and reduce racial segregation. To download a summary of school choice research, click here.

Academic Outcomes for Participating Students

Academic Outcomes for Participating Students

15 empirical studies examined academic outcomes for students participating in private school choice using random assignment, the “gold standard” of defensible social science:

• 10 found improved test scores for school choice participants
• 3 found no significant effect for school choice participants
• 2 found negative impact in the early years of study for school choice participants

Academic Outcomes for Public School Students

Academic Outcomes for Public School Students

21 empirical studies examined school choice and how it impacts academic outcomes in public schools:

• 20 found that school choice improved public school academic outcomes
• 1 found no significant effect on academic outcomes from school choice

Fiscal Impact on Taxpayers and Public Schools

Fiscal Impact on Taxpayers and Public Schools

28 studies examined the financial impact for the taxpayers and public schools:

• 25 found that school choice programs save taxpayers money
• 3 found that school choice programs are revenue neutral
• None found that school choice programs have a negative fiscal impact

Effects of School Choice Programs on Racial Stratification

Effects of School Choice Programs on Racial Stratification

10 studies examined the impact of school choice on racial segregation:

• 9 found that school choice programs move students into less segregated schools
• 1 found that school choice programs have no net effect on racial segregation
• None found that school choice programs increase racial segregation

Get Involved

Take action to support school choice in your state and across the country.