Looking for the facts about school choice? You’ve come to the right place. Here’s what you need to know about school choice programs and the school choice movement nationwide.


  • Thirty-nine private school choice programs have been enacted across the country.
  • There are 21 voucher programs, 16 scholarship tax credit programs, one education savings account program, and two individual tuition tax credit of significant size.
  • There was over $1.2 billion in dedicated funding available for school voucher and scholarship tax credit programs nationwide in 2013-14.
  • The nation’s longest-running school choice program is the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program (a voucher program created in 1990).
  • The nation’s newest school choice programs, all enacted in 2013, are:
    • Alabama: Tax Credits for Contributions to Scholarship Granting Organizations
    • Alabama: Parent Refundable Tax Credits
    • Mississippi: Nate Rogers Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program
    • North Carolina: Opportunity Scholarship Program
    • North Carolina: Children with Disabilities Scholarship Grants
    • Ohio: Income-Based Scholarship Program (EdChoice Expansion)
    • South Carolina: Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children
    • Wisconsin: Wisconsin Parental Choice Program


  • In 2013, 18 states, plus Washington, D.C. and Douglas County, Colorado, have enacted 39 private school choice programs across the country.
  • States with private school choice include: Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Programs have also been enacted in Washington, D.C. and Douglas County, Colorado.
  • Two states (Alabama and North Carolina) enacted their first private school choice program in 2013.
  • Three states (Mississippi, New Hampshire, and Virginia) enacted their first private school choice program in 2012.
  • The two states with the largest number of school choice programs are Ohio (five programs) and Arizona (four programs).
  • In the 2013 state legislative session, 31 legislative chambers passed private school choice legislation in 16 states.

Student Enrollment

During the 2013-14 school year, more than:

    • Over 19,000 scholarships were awarded to students through Indiana’s Choice Scholarship Program.
    • 59,000 students are participating in the Florida Tax Credit Scholarship.
    • Over 16,000 students are participating in Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarship Program.
    • 6,300 students are participating in Ohio’s Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program.
    • 2,100 students are participating in Ohio’s Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program.
    • Over 6,500 students are participating in Louisiana’s expanded Student Scholarships for Educational Excellence Program.

During the 2013-14 school year:

    • More than 308,000 children participated in private school choice programs across the country.
    • There were 115,580 students enrolled in school voucher programs, 192,219 students enrolled in scholarship tax credit programs, and 761 students participating in education savings account programs.